I purchased this volume reducer/token kit (Rockshox calls them tokens in their service manual) for my Santa Cruz Nomad V4 before a weekend trip to Arizona which I knew would have some aggressive huck-to-flats. Adding tokens allows the rear suspension to maintain similar small bump compliance while increasing the spring force ramp rate deeper in the travel to reduce bottom outs on hard hits. There isn't necessarily a one-size fits all way to set up the suspension on your bike. The setup will be dictated by your specific bike, your size, the trails you ride, and mostly personal preference. There are a bunch of good articles and videos explaining this in more detail around the internet so I'll focus on installation and usage tips here for the Super Deluxe tokens specifically.
If you have a Rockshox Super Deluxe rear shock these are the tokens you need. You have the option of installing up to 3 of these standard tokens or getting one Gnar Dog token which is equivalent to 2.5 normal tokens and adding 2 normal tokens on top of that for a total of 4.5 reductions. I recommend reading through the service manual before attempting to remove the air can. Once you are familiar with the shock assembly the installation is a pretty straight-forward process.
"All in all, installing and removing volume tokens in the Rockshox Super Deluxe is not that hard, but it will take a bit of time and be a little oily. Even though the process is more involved than adding tokens to a fork, this is something most home mechanics will be able to do. Be sure to take notes of the changes you make to your shock and how it felt while riding to reduce the number of times you will need to open the shock to add or remove tokens so you have more time to ride :-)" - Danny Hajicek